The regenerative nature of stem cells and the unparalleled growth possibilities allows arthritis to be a good candidate for stem cell therapy. It would be able to stimulate blood vessel formation, repair tissue and make cartilage
Arthritis Stem Cell Therapy
The inflammation of the joints and categorized as degenerative (osteoarthritis) or inflammatory (Rheumatoid arthritis), both cause damage joints and affects function.
Depends of the severity, arthritis is generally treated with painkillers, anti inflamatory drugs, physical therapies and in severe cases even joint replacement surgeries.
Stem Cell Update
Treatment of arthritis using stem cell have been undergoing clinical trials since 2011 and other research centres have grown cartilege tissues out of stem cells as well.
What is Arthritis
Arthritis is basically the inflammation of the joints and categorized as degenerative (osteoarthritis) and inflammatory (Rheumatoid arthritis). Both damage joints and affects their function. Osteoarthritis involves the wear-and-tear damage to the cartilage that cause the bones in the joints while Rheumotoid Arthritis occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the lining of the joints, causing painful swelling that can eventually result in deformity.
Some of the symptoms that you might experience are:
- Pain. Your joints may hurt during or after movement
- Tenderness. Your joints may feel tender when you apply light pressure to it
- Stiffness. Joint stiffness may be most noticeable when you wake up in the morning or after a period of inactivity
- Loss of flexibility. You may not be able to move your joint through its full range of motion
- Grating sensation. You may hear or feel a grating sensation when you use the joint
- Bone spurs. These extra bit of bone, which feel like hard lumps may form around the affected joint
Stem Cell Therapy for Arthritis
The regenerative nature of stem cells and the unparalleled growth possibilities allows arthritis to be a good candidate for stem cell therapy. It would be able to stimulate blood vessel formation, repair tissue and make cartilage. Besides that, the anti-inflammatory nature of stem cells has been shown to dampen immune system response and inhibit inflammation.
In various research centres across the world various stem cell source such as Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) and adipose derived stem cell are undergoing clinical trials to verify it’s ability to treat both forms of arthritis and results have indicated it holds big promise as a treatment for the near future.
There are many ongoing efforts to understand how stem cell therapy is able to help people with arthritis. One of the main centres is the California Institute of Regenerative Medicine, where you can view the areas of research being conducted specifically to understand arthritis.
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